Clothing & Equipment Guidelines

Imparting a glimpse of the past for the participants of the School of the Ranger is as important as learning the skills of the ranger itself. To that end, the School of the Ranger is asking participants to adhere to the following Clothing and Accoutrement Guidelines:

Each participant should be clothed and accoutered appropriate to their F&I interpretation, be that a ranger from New England or elsewhere, a Regular, a Provincial,  a Light Infantryman from the Regular regiments or from Gage’s, etc. Be prepared to document any clothing & accouterments you wish to bring. Obviously properly tailored, hand sewn garments are ideal, but machine sewn garments are acceptable.


Rangers – knit Scotch bonnets, black felt round hats, cocked hats, Monmouth caps, jockey-style caps of felt or leather.
Regulars – black felt cocked hats or round hats.
Provincials – black felt cocked or round hats, Monmouth caps, woolen caps.
Light Infantry of the Regiments – jockey-style caps of felt.
Gage’s Light Infantry – leather cap.
Major Scott’s Light Infantry, 1758 – black felt round hat.
Appropriate winter headgear is recommended, including a  tapabord.
Discouraged Headgear – Voyageur caps, Scotch bonnets that are not knit, rifleman slouch hats, Rev War style cocked hats.

Winter Over Garment:

Due to the season, 18th C styled capots or blanket-coats, greatcoats, watchcoats or matchcoats are recommended.
Disapproved Outer-garments - Blanket shirt, rifleman/hunting shirts.19th Capote

Coats / Jackets

In general, coats or jackets should be appropriate to your interpretation, of proper construction and materials. Disapproved Outer-garments - Blanket shirt, rifleman/hunting shirts.


Waistcoats, same as coats should be appropriate to you chosen interpretation of proper construction and materials (example, a British regular should not wear a linen waistcoat, but one of madder red woolen cloth). Disapproved Waistcoats – Rev War style waistcoats.


Linen, cotton or silk handkerchiefs tied around the neck, linen neck stocks with clasps, buckles or tied around the neck, linen neck rollers. .Disapproved Neckwear – horse-hair or leather neck stocks.

White  or checked linen and light weight woolen shirts (wool flannel or drugget) are best.. Note that the most current research indicates that shirts should have narrow cuffs with dorset buttons or sleeve buttons, as well as long neck slits with a shirt buckle and collars of less than 2 1⁄2 inches.
Disapproved Shirts – calico shirts, shirts with printed designs.


Rangers & Provincials – Linen,  leather or woolen breeches appropriate for your portrayal.
Regulars – Madder red, blue (Royal regiments) or brown (Gage’s) woolen regimental breeches. Linen, leather and woolen breeches.


Woolen, side seam leggings of blue or green were very prevalent, and are highly recommended. Leggings should be tailored to the leg. Black, brown or white linen gaiters are acceptable for regulars, gaiters should be well-fitted and not baggy. Leather leggings are not very documentable, and are
strongly discouraged. Goreham’s Rangers style leggings are discouraged for interpretations
 other than rangers on the Quebec campaign.


Best are black buckle shoes and moccasins of a documented pattern. Commercial made moccasins are discouraged.  Spare period footwear and socks are highly recommended.
Disapproved Footwear – modern shoes or boots. These should be left in the vehicle during the event.

Cartridge Pouches, Boxes, Shot Bags:

Regulars – cartridge pouch, belly box, or shot bag over shoulder.

Rangers – best shot bag over shoulder or worn on waistbelt.
Provincials – cartridge pouch, belly box, or shot bag.


Powder horns should be worn by rangers and light infantry. They are optional for provincials and regulars. Powder Horns must remain empty during the event

Belts with appropriate buckle and width, with frogs for regulars and some provincials.

Bayonets, Shortswords, Hatchets, Knives:

Regulars – should have a bayonet. Light infantrymen should additional have a hatchet. Knives are documented for Gage’s Light Infantry. Short swords or hangers were generally left in storage, however are acceptable.
Provincials and Rangers – hatchet and / or bayonet.


Best is a hand-sewn linen haversack with the broad arrow
 stamped on. Plain linen haversacks are


Regulars – kidney or half-moon shaped tin canteens.
Provincials and Rangers – kidney or half-moon shaped tin canteens, cheese-box canteens, bottles or other container documented to your impression.   Some form of period Canteen is required to participate.

Knapsacks and Tumplines:

Tumplines are very documentable and some form of burden strap to carry a blanket roll on scouts is required. Knapsacks of canvas or hair-on hides are acceptable. Disapproved Knapsacks – painted knapsacks, New-invented knapsacks.

Wool Blankets, Bedding:

British army blankets, 2-3 point, check, Dutch, Rose blankets, and plain white blankets are best depending on your interpretation.  Any wool blanket is acceptable.  A blanket is required.
Bedsacks are recommended.  Straw available if requested pre event..   .

Firelocks with correct sized Flashguard and Hammerstall:

Regulars – long land pattern brown bess is the best, short land pattern are acceptable.
Rangers and Provincials – long land pattern brown bess, civilian fowler, or Wilson
contract muskets are best. Short land pattern brown bess, Dutch and French arms are acceptable.
Light Infantry – long land pattern, light infantry carbine, short land pattern are all acceptable.

Additional Equipment Concerns

60 Blank Cartridges are the minimum required.   Detailed instructions will be provided.

Cookware & Utensils

Fork, Spoon & Cup are the required minimum.  A plate and / or bowl are recommended.  A Kettle and pan per mess are  recommended and should be coordinated by mess mates prior to arrival.

Each participant is required to bring 3 candles.   A Metal lantern per mess is recommended. A mini flashlight is permissible for emergency use only.

Fire Starting Kit is required..

Housewife or Sewing kit is recommended.

Period Food Items are required.   Instructions will be provided.  Minimize modern packaging please.

Winter Mitts recommended.

Ice Creepers or Wool Over-socks are strongly recommended if icy conditions exist.

18th C Comfort Items, Games, & Entertainments are recommended & appreciated

Toilet Tissue is recommended.

3 Gallons of Water may be required.   In the past water lines have frozen necessitating this.  Modern containers are acceptable and will be hidden should this become necessary.

Alcohol Responsible alcohol use will be restricted to the evening social time after training is complete and arms are secured for the night.  Excessive impairment or consumption during training hours will result in removal from the event for obvious safety reasons.

Prescriptions, medical conditions & special accommodations.  The School of the Ranger strives to be as inclusive as possible, but there is an inherent physicality required to safely train in ranging across varied terrain in winter conditions, wearing 18th C kit, and while encumbered.  The exercises are designed for the average adult but  participants should expect to get cold, wet  hungry and fatigued.  Participants should be fit enough to hike a few miles at a time with their equipment and safely use their firelocks Prescriptions and medical conditions should not be a problem provided they don’t preclude safe participation.   If you have any questions in this regard please contact us prior to registering.  We want to avoid the necessity of removing someone from training for safety reasons, or holding team exercises back as a whole, when issues can be addressed via early communication & prescreening.

Personal phones, cigarettes, etc    We understand the challenges involved in disconnecting from modern life that make  complete “authenticity” impossible.  However, we expect participants to
assist us in minimizing anachronism by keeping small modern necessities tucked away and silent.   We ask that participants refrain from nonemergency telephone and cigarette use during structured group activities and step  “out of sight” before partaking.  Please note that some team exercises may be 2 to 3 hours in length, necessitating participants refrain to avoid disrupting the simulations.

Photography.  Similarly, participants are asked to refrain from photography during scheduled training exercises. Multiple SOTR staff members will be discretely photographing every aspect of the event. In addition,  participants will have the opportunity for ample candid shots during the numerous unstructured and “break” segments built into the schedule.  A 2018 group photo will be taken for everyone as well, and all photos will be posted to the Participant Forum for easy downloading post event.

Grooming:    Facial hair beyond a few days growth in the 18th century was a rarity, we encourage participants to be clean shaven or have only a few days growth. We understand that participants have 21st Century lives, if you cannot part with your beard please consider trimming it to a shorter length.

Eyewear:  Period eyewear or contacts are recommended.  Modern eyewear is discouraged.

The School of the Ranger appreciates everyone’s compliance.  We realize some of these stipulations may be inconvenient but material culture research continues to improve and so should our portrayals.  It is impossible to have an all inclusive, F&I wide list of requirements without contradictions as issued items, standards and availability varied by geography and date.  We are happy to assist with pattern or vendor recommendations. Some loaner items may be available. Please submit any questions or requests prior to registering to

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